An overview of donor egg medical options, programs, agencies, and recipients.
Prior to the development of in vitro fertilization (IVF), no medical options for creating a family were available to women with premature ovarian failure, diminished ovarian reserve, or genetically transmittable health conditions. Now, egg donation allows women without viable oocytes to become mothers.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the chance of achieving a successful pregnancy after a fresh embryo transfer is 56%. The success rate with frozen embryo transfer is 35%. The exact chance of success depends on many factors, including the age of the eggs, and the age and health of the recipient.
How to find an egg donor
Some intended parents find an egg donor who is known to them, such as a sister, a cousin, or a close friend. Egg donors should be under 35, and have no evidence of impaired fertility.
Another option is to find an anonymous donor. Some donor egg recipients take it upon themselves to find a donor through advertisements; others prefer to work through established programs.